Purpose of VoteFair party ranking
VoteFair party ranking identifies the most-popular political party (which is the same as the most popular choice according to VoteFair popularity ranking), the second-most popular political party (which is the same as the second-most representative choice), and the political party that deserves to be recognized as the third-most popular political party. The third-most popular party is identified after appropriately reducing the influence of the voters who are well represented by the first-ranked and second-ranked political parties. Without this adjustment the same voters who are well-represented by one of the most popular parties could create a "shadow" party that occupies the third position, which would block smaller parties from that third position.
Calculation details for VoteFair party ranking
The first-ranked political party is the party that is first-most popular according to VoteFair popularity ranking
The second-ranked political party is the second-most representative according to VoteFair representation ranking
The third-ranked political party is identified using two steps. First, identify the ballots on which the voter's most-preferred party is not one of the two highest-ranked parties. Second, using only these ballots, use VoteFair popularity ranking to identify the most popular party (excluding any party that has already been ranked).
The fourth-ranked party would be identified using VoteFair popularity ranking, with all the ballots being considered.
The remaining party rankings would be identified using VoteFair representation ranking.
Separate party rankings are calculated for each political area from which an official is elected.
Voters would be asked to rank political parties once every other year. The delay allows a politician to know in advance whether his or her party is popular enough to enable the politician to be listed on the ballot in the upcoming election.
Uses for VoteFair party ranking results
The party rankings are used to identify the lowest-ranked parties and exclude those parties from putting their candidates on the general-election ballot.
The first-ranked and second-ranked parties are allowed to have two candidates each. The remaining political parties that are allowed to have candidates are allowed only one candidate in each general-election race.
It is best to limit the total number of candidates in a single-position race to no more than seven candidates.
The specific limit on the number of candidates would be different for different races.
If one of the two top parties offers just one candidate instead of two, the highest-ranked among the political parties that otherwise are not allowed to offer even one candidate would be allowed to have one candidate in the race. If the other top party also offers just one candidate, the next-ranked party would be allowed to have one candidate.
(If a political party is based on a religious, gender, or racial agenda, the name of that political party would not be allowed to appear on any ballot, and any candidate from such a political party would not be listed on any ballot.)
The VoteFair ranking calculation methods are in the public domain, but copyright protection (see below) applies to the above description and to the software that implements VoteFair ranking.